Taber, M. J., & Taber, N. (2013). Exploring emergency response: Theories of communities of practice, safety cultures, situation awareness, and tacit knowledge. International Journal of Emergency Management, 9(1), 46-58.
Abstract: This paper discusses theoretical constructs from various domains to
explore emergency response management. Using the Piper Alpha disaster as
an example, we argue that applying a communities of practice lens can
inform understandings of safety cultures, shared situation awareness, and
tacit knowledge. First, we briefly outline the Piper Alpha event and detail
communities of practice theory with a critical analysis of how it can be applied
to emergency response events with respect to safety cultures. Then, we connect
the development and maintenance of situation awareness and tacit knowledge
to our argument as it relates to actions performed in relation to the emergency
event. Finally, we provide a concluding discussion of the Piper Alpha disaster
in order explore implications for emergency response management.
Keywords: emergency response; communities of practice; situation awareness;
safety culture; tacit knowledge.